Scientific name: Garcinia atroviridis
Family name: Clusiaceae (Guttiferae)
Asam Gelugur trees in Taman Tugu
The Asam Gelugur tree is an indigenous rainforest tree that are amongst the 4,100 trees added to the Taman Tugu site, selected in collaboration with Forest Research Institute of Malaysia (“FRIM”) and Malaysian Nature Society (“MNS”)
The tree can grow up to 20m, with smooth grey long trunk and branches drooping. The leaves are dark green, shiny, long narrow with pointed tip while its flowers are dark red and round. The fruits, which are the most commonly utilised part, are large yellowish green to yellow colour and globular shape. The edible fruits are globose and about 7-10 cm in diameter. The bright orange-yellow fruit skin is thin and smooth which contains several seeds, are flattened and surrounded by bright orange pulp (arillode).
Asam Gelugur trees are occasionally cultivated in gardens, and semi-cultivated in the surrounding forest, for its edible fruit. At present, the products of asam gelugur are becoming popular as a health food, and are sold in the markets in different forms such as tea, capsules and fruit slices. It is believed that the fruit extract can promote good health by reducing blood cholesterol levels and enlarging the blood vessels, absorbing excess fat and etc.
These tropical trees grow in hill and lowland forest up to 600m altitude.
These trees are native to Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand, Myanmar, and India.