Scientific name: Baccaurea lanceolate
Family name: Phyllanthaceae (Euphorbiaceae)
Asam Pahong trees in Taman Tugu
The Asam Pahong tree is an indigenous rainforest tree which is amongst the 4,100 trees added to the Taman Tugu site. This tree was selected in collaboration with Forest Research Institute of Malaysia (“FRIM”) and Malaysian Nature Society (“MNS”).
The Asam Pahong is a much-branched tree with a dense crown that can grow bet ween 3-30m tall. The bole is buttressed absent and can be 5-60cm in diameter. Its petioles are is 16-184mm long. Its leaves are glabrous, apically and slightly basally pulvinate. Its Fruits are globose to ellipsoid with present raised glands, green when young, turning to creamy white or mauve and to pale yellowish-brown when mature. Its seeds are ellipsoid, laterally flattened with yellow to whitish testa. Its arillode is white to grey and translucent.
To treat stomach-ache, the leaves can be pounded in bamboo and mixed with water to be decoction for drinking. A poultice made out of the tree’s fruit is applied to relieve swellings on the body. Consuming a drink made out of the sap and pounded bark can prevent drunkenness. Its pericarp and arillode can be eaten albeit the sour taste and thus usually eaten with some sugar or salt. It is also suitable when combined with chicken rice. Its timber is used for housing construction. Besides the fruit being also believed to help protect from charms, the fruit is also consumed before paying house visits during harvest festivals. This tree is also noted to be rarely cultivated in fruit gardens
This tree grows in undisturbed mixed dipterocarp and sub-montane forests from sea level to 1300m altitude in Malaysia and other neighbouring countries. Normally found in alluvial sites, but sometimes also on hillsides and ridges. Suit with clay to sandy soil, but also on limestone.