Scientific name: Shorea atrinervosa
Family name: Dipterocarpacae
Balau Hitam trees in Taman Tugu
The Balau Hitam tree is an indigenous rainforest tree which is amongst the 4,100 trees added to the Taman Tugu site. This tree was selected in collaboration with Forest Research Institute of Malaysia (“FRIM”) and Malaysian Nature Society (“MNS”)
The Balu Hitam is a large emergent tree, up to 50m in height. Its buds, twigs and petioles at first are caducous buff when young, and located either persistently or sparsely outside of stipule. Its vegetative parts are otherwise glabrous. Its leaves are 8-16 by 3.5-9cm, elliptic to ovate but frequently irregular in shape, coriaceous, undulate, and persistently white lepidote on the lower surface. Its stipules are 8 by 3mm, lanceolate, acute, and caducous. Its flowers have 25-33 stamens with its panicles are up to 11 cm long, may be terminal or axillary, straight, terete, densely and somewhat unevenly shortly pale grey when pubescent. Its ovary and stylopodium are ovoid in shape, and surmounted by a short glabrous shape.
This tree is a usual biological resource for logging and wood harvesting for various purposes.
The Balau Hitam tree is found in Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra and Borneo. It is also found in at least four protected areas (Ulu Telupid and Bidu Forest Reserves and Lambir and Gunung Mulu National Parks).