Nama saintifik: Ficus benghalensis
Nama keluarga: Moraceae
Banyan trees in Taman Tugu
The Banyan tree is an indigenous rainforest tree that are amongst the 4,100 trees added to the Taman Tugu site, selected in collaboration with Forest Research Institute of Malaysia (“FRIM”) and Malaysian Nature Society (“MNS”).
The Banyan tree is a large tree which can grow up to 30m tall with a wide spreading crown. The trunk produces aerial roots, turning into woody trunks once they reach the ground. The leaves are ovate to elliptic. Both the primary and lateral veins are prominent. This tree is monoecious (male and female flowers on the same plant). The fruits are borne in pairs in leaf axils, globose to depressed-globose, red or orange when ripe. It is sometimes called a fruit without flower because the flowers are hidden inside the fruit.
The Banyan tree has several medicinal properties – the leaf, bark, seeds, and the fruit, fig, are used for variety of disorders like diarrhea, polyuria, dental, and diabetes. The wood is used to make door panels. Its bark can be used to make paper and ropes. The leave are commonly used in India as a plates. The roots are used to make tent poles and cart yokes.
These tropical/ sub-tropical trees grow tropical forests from sea-level to 1,200 m altitude. These trees are native from India, China through Southeast Asia, Caroline Island to Australia. The species epithet ‘benghalensis’ refers that plants are native to Bengal.