Scientific name: Calophyllum retusum
Family name: Calophyllaceae
Bintangor Gambut trees in Taman Tugu
The Bintangor Gambut tree is an indigenous rainforest tree which is amongst the 4,100 trees added to the Taman Tugu site. This tree was selected in collaboration with Forest Research Institute of Malaysia (“FRIM”) and Malaysian Nature Society (“MNS”).
The Bintangor Gambut is a medium-sized tree up to 28m tall (sometimes very large, up to 50m), with a bole up to 65cm in diameter, without buttresses but some found with loop roots. Its twigs are 4-angled, terminal bud plump, and usually 5-1 mm long.
Its leaves are elliptical to oblong, (3-)4.5-10(-14.5)cm long, rounded to cuneate at base, usually retuse at apex, with 11-18 veins per 5mm. Its fruits are ellipsoid, 15-21mm long, with fairly thin, compact outer layer, and greenish in colour. Its 4 tepal flowers are inflorescences, usually axillary, unbranched, occur in 7-11-flowered bunches.
This tree has no substantial records of ethonobotanical uses. However, its believed that it may be able to stop distribution of viruses that causes AIDS. The bark of the tree is also known to be used in spice mixtures in Malaysia, and Singapore.
This tree is locally common in peat swamps in the lowland and is rarely found in heathly forest in Sarawak.