Scientific name: Garcinia hombroniana
Family name: Clusiaceae (Guttiferae)
Bruas trees in Taman Tugu
The Bruas tree is an indigenous rainforest tree which is amongst the 4,100 trees added to the Taman Tugu site. This tree was selected in collaboration with Forest Research Institute of Malaysia (“FRIM”) and Malaysian Nature Society (“MNS”). It is a small deciduous tree in the ebony family up to 15m (49 ft) tall, distributed all along the Western Ghats of India, Sri Lanka, Indo-China through to Australia.
The Bruas is a latex-containing, columnar and irregular shaped, small to medium sized tree, measuring up to 18m of height. It has a simple, leathery, evergreen foliage where the leaves are opposite, stalked, oval to elliptic in shape, with sizes ranging between 6.5cm – 15.5cm long and 3.5cm – 7.6cm wide. Its flowers are dioecious and are pollinated by insects. They have sepals that are pink or rose-red on the exterior and cream-yellow in the interior, and also cream petals. Its round fruits are fleshy and bright rose-red when ripe, measuring up to 5cm wide and smell of apples.
The Bruas has a desirable ornamental form, suitable for planting along streetscapes, parks, gardens and coastal areas or parks due to its dense leafy crown. Apart from its cultural or religious uses, there is currently one individual of Garcinia hombroniana listed as a Heritage Tree in Singapore, which can be found in Sentosa.
It grows on rocky and sandy coasts and cultivated sporadically throughout the tropics. Terrestrial (coastal forest), shoreline (sandy beach; rocky beach), from Nicobar Islands to Peninsular Malaysia and Singapore