Damar Hitam Siput
Scientific name: Shorea faguetiana
Family name: Dipterocarpaceae
Damar Hitam Siput trees in Taman Tugu
The Damar Hitam Siput tree is an indigenous rainforest tree that are amongst the 4,100 trees added to the Taman Tugu site, selected in collaboration with Forest Research Institute of Malaysia (“FRIM”) and Malaysian Nature Society (“MNS”). This is one of the species being added which is considered as ‘Endangered’ on the International Union for Conservation of Nature (“IUCN”) Red List of Threatened Species as heavy logging by the palm oil industry has decimated the numbers in Malaysia.
The Damar Hitam Siput is a large tree with a dense, hemispherical crown. It can grow up to 50m tall. The straight, cylindrical bole can be 60-150cm in diameter with stout buttresses up to 150cm high. The tallest documented angiosperm is the Damar Hitam Siput tree, which is 100.8m tall, was found in the Danum Valley Conservation Area, Sabah, measured on 6th January 2019. The tree has been nicknamed ‘Menara’ due to its height.
The wood is a source of the ‘Yellow Meranti’ timber. The wood is used for purposes such as interior joinery and panelling, furniture, light carpentry, flooring and veneer.
These emergent trees grow in mixed dipterocarp forests, growing in well drained clay and sandy-clay soils on low hills and particularly ridge tops; usually at elevations from 150-700, occasionally to 1,000m. These trees are native to Malaysia, Indonesia, and Thailand.