Nama saintifik: Shorea balanocarpoides
Nama keluarga: Dipterocarpaceae
Damar Hitam trees in Taman Tugu
The Damar Hitam tree is an indigenous rainforest tree that are amongst the 4,100 trees added to the Taman Tugu site, selected in collaboration with Forest Research Institute of Malaysia (“FRIM”) and Malaysian Nature Society (“MNS”). This is one of the species being added which is considered as ‘Endangered’ on the International Union for Conservation of Nature (“IUCN”) Red List of Threatened Species due to logging for its timber and deforestation.
The Damar Hitam tree is a small to medium- sized tree that can grow up to 40m tall. The trunk can grow up to 80cm in diameter. The leaves are ovoid shaped.
The timber from the Damar Hitam tree is known as ‘Yellow Meranti’ . It is also a favoured species for making plywood. The fat obtained from the illipe nut are used by locals. It is is edible and is similar to cacao butter.
These tropical trees grow in mixed dipterocarp forest, growing on undulating ground and ridges on clay and sandy clay soils; at elevations up to 700m. These trees are native to Malaysia and Indonesia.