Scientific name: Syzygium gratum
Family name: Myrtaceae
Gelam Tikus Trees in Taman Tugu
The Gelam Tikus tree is an indigenous rainforest tree that are amongst the 4,100 trees added to the Taman Tugu site, selected in collaboration with Forest Research Institute of Malaysia (“FRIM”) and Malaysian Nature Society (“MNS”).
The Gelam Tikus tree can grow up to 34m. The bark is copper-red, papery and flaky. The leaves are arranged in opposite pairs, lanceolate to elliptic, measuring around 2.5-8cm long, 1.5-4cm wide. Its fowers are borne in clusters. The individual blossoms are small with numerous, prominent, white stamens.
The plant is used as an antiseptic. The tannin-yielding bark is used for toughening fishing nets and for colouring clothes reddish-brown or black. The wood is sometimes used for construction, but it is usually not considered of much value. The wood is used in the construction of houses, ships and bridges, and for furniture and implements.
These mid-canopy trees grow in undisturbed mixed dipterocarp, costal and sub-montane forests at elevations up to 1,800m. These trees are native to Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia, Thailand, Myanmar, Cambodia, the Philipines, Northeast India, and Andaman and Nicobar Islands.