Geril

Geril

Scientific name: Nephelium laurinum
Family name: Sapindaceae

Geril trees in Taman Tugu:
The Geril tree is an indigenous rainforest tree that are amongst the 4,100 trees added to the Taman Tugu site, selected in collaboration with Forest Research Institute of Malaysia (“FRIM”) and Malaysian Nature Society (“MNS”).

Physical feature:
The Geril tree is an evergreen tree growing to a height of 12-20m. The leaves are alternate, 10-30cm long, pinnate, with three to 11 leaflets, each leaflet 5-15cm wide and 3-10cm broad, with an entire margin. The flowers are small, 2.5-5mm, apetalous, discoidal, and borne in erect terminal panicles 15-30 cm wide. The trees can be male (producing only staminate flowers and, hence, produce no fruit), female (producing flowers that are only functionally female), orhermaphroditic (producing flowers that are female with a small percentage of male flowers). The fruit is a round to oval single-seeded berry, 3-6cm (rarely to 8cm) long and 3-4 cm broad, borne in a loose pendant cluster of 10-20 together. The leathery skin is reddish (rarely orange or yellow), and covered with fleshy pliable spines, hence the name, which means ‘hairs’.

Usage:
Mainly for culinary usage. The tree is harvested from the wild for local use as a food.

Habitat:
These trees are usually found in primary and old secondary forests on slopes, riverbanks, and hill tops on clay-rich soil, and on fertile alluvial soil in mixed dipterocarp forest; at elevations up to 1,350m. These trees are native to Southeast Asia.