Scientific name: Parashorea densiflora
Family name: Dipterocarpaceae
Gerutu Pasir trees in Taman Tugu
The tree is an indigenous rainforest tree that are amongst the 4,100 trees added to the Taman Tugu site, selected in collaboration with Forest Research Institute of Malaysia (“FRIM”) and Malaysian Nature Society (“MNS”).
The tree is threatened by exploitation of its wood for timber. The plant is classified as ‘Endangered’ in the International Union for Conservation of Nature (“IUCN”) Red List of Threatened Species(2013).
The Gerutu Pasir tree is a large, evergreen tree with a dense, dome-shaped crown. The heartwood is light brown, darkening upon exposure to light; it is not clearly demarcated from the 6 – 8cm wide band of sapwood. The texture is coarse; the grain interlocked. The wood is moderately heavy; moderately hard; somewhat durable, being moderately resistant to fungi but susceptible to dry wood borers and termites. It seasons slowly with only a slight risk of checking and distortion; once dry it is moderately stable to stable in service. It can be worked with ordinary tools, but they need to be kept sharp in order to reduce the risk of tearing and to obtain a good finish; nailing and screwing are good; gluing is correct.
This tree also has small hairly leaves, and globose fruits with reflexed calyx lobes.
The tree is harvested from the wild for its wood, which is used locally and also exported. The wood is used for purposes such as light carpentry, interior panelling and joinery, flooring, furniture components, boxes and crates, veneer etc
This tree can be found Southeast Asian countries such as Malaysia. It is usually found scattered in lowland dipterocarp forest at elevations up to 500m.