Jambu Air Mawar / Rose Apple
Scientific name: Syzygium jambos
Family name: Myrtaceae
Jambu Mawar Trees in Taman Tugu
The Jambu Mawar tree is an indigenous rainforest tree that are amongst the 4,100 trees added to the Taman Tugu site, selected in collaboration with Forest Research Institute of Malaysia (“FRIM”) and Malaysian Nature Society (“MNS”).
The Jambos is an evergreen tree with a regular shaped, dense crown of wide-spreading branches, it can grow 6-10m tall. The bole can go up to 50cm in diameter, often branching from low down and has a smooth, brown bark.
The glossy, opposite leaves are oblong to lanceolate with entire leaf margin and long tapering tip. The large, cream-coloured pom-pom shaped flowers are arranged in inflorescences known as corymbs.
The fleshy, pitted fruits are known as drupes. They are whitish to yellow, round to egg-shaped and smell like rosewater. The fruit apex has a crown-like structure formed by a persistent calyx (the outermost layer of a flower that often resembles small leaves).
The Jambu Mawar tree is a multipurpose tree that has been cultivated for around 2,500 years. It provides food, medicines and a range of commodities for the local population. The fruits are consumed raw or cooked. Although this species is grown in home gardens for its fruits, it is usually not grown in commercial orchards. Essential oils in the leaves are extracted by distillation and used in the perfume industry. Around the tropical world, the fruit is mostly eaten out-of-hand by children.
It is commonly known as Rose Apple, because the fruits can be distilled to produce rosewater. The rosewater is said to be equal to the best obtained from rose petals.
These tropical and subtropical trees grow best in the tropics at altitude of 0-1200m. These trees are native to Malaysia.