Scientific name: Terminalia calamansanai
Family name: Combretaceae
Jelawai Mentalun trees in Taman Tugu
The Jelawai Mentalun tree is an indigenous rainforest tree that are amongst the 4,100 trees added to the Taman Tugu site, selected in collaboration with Forest Research Institute of Malaysia (“FRIM”) and Malaysian Nature Society (“MNS”).
The Jelawai Mentalun can grow up to 40m in height with buttresses about 10m tall. Its bark is greyish to yellowish brown and shallowly fissured. The leaves are leathery, elliptic to obovate shaped with 4 – 8 pairs of veins, pointed tip and tapering base. The young leaves are hairy on the underside, and slowly become smooth as they mature. Sometimes, mature leaves may retain hairs on the underside of the leaves. The leaf stalk usually have 2 glands. The old leaves turn yellow when shed. Inflorescence occurs at the axillary and comprises of many small flower. The flowers are cream or greenish yellow in colour with a strong musty smell. The calyx is cup-shaped with triangular lobes and hairy tube, and the disc is densely hairy while the style and filament are smooth.
The fruit produced is velvety and variable in shape and size. The fruit has 2 broad side and a triangular body.
The wood of the Jelawai Mentalun tree is used for light construction and furniture, such as cabinets.
These tropical trees grow in lowland forest, sometimes near the sea or limestone cliffs. These trees are native to Peninsular Malaysia, Myanmar, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, Thailand, Sulawesi, the Philippines, New Guinea, and the Solomon Islands.