Kandis / Banca Mangosteen
Scientific name: Garcinia bancana
Family name: Clusiaceae (Guttiferae)
Kandis trees in Taman Tugu
The Kandis tree is an indigenous rainforest tree that are amongst the 4,100 trees added to the Taman Tugu site, selected in collaboration with Forest Research Institute of Malaysia (“FRIM”) and Malaysian Nature Society (“MNS”)
Kandis is a mid-canopy tree up to 37m tall. Its opposite, stalked leaves have leathery leaf blades that are broadly drop-shaped to lance-shaped. The flowers are green-white color which are about 7 mm wide, and found in clusters at the leaf axils. Its fruits are green and round, which about 5 cm wide, ripen from yellow to pink to purple, and are about 26 mm wide. Its seeds have fleshy white pulp.
Kandis tree is harvested from the wild for local use as a food from their fruits and the wood as source of timber.
Kandis tree grows in lowland forests, swamps, and along riverbanks with up to 1000m altitude. These trees are native to Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, Borneo, Sumatra, and Banka Island.