Scientific name: Dryobalanops beccarii
Family name: Dipterocarpaceae
Kapur Keladan trees in Taman Tugu
The Kapur Keladan tree is an indigenous rainforest tree that are amongst the 4,100 trees added to the Taman Tugu site, selected in collaboration with Forest Research Institute of Malaysia (“FRIM”) and Malaysian Nature Society (“MNS”). This is one of the species being added which is considered as ‘Endangered’ on the International Union for Conservation of Nature (“IUCN”) Red List of Threatened Species. This species is being threatened due to deforestation.
The tree is a large emergent tree which can grow up to 65m tall. The leaves of the Kapur Keladan tree are ovate to lanceolate shaped, comparatively thin, narrow and the edge of leaves are frequently undulating. The flowers of this tree are white in colour and have large petals, broadly elliptic, obtuse and glabrous. The fruit produced has a stony core that is green in colour when unripe, yellow or red when ripe; and has a flattened-egg-shape.
The wood of this tree is used for a wide range of applications including house construction, bridges, boards, heavy carpentry, joinery, panelling, turnery, tool handles and household utensils, boxes and crates.
These trees are abundant on leached sandy soils, sometimes in periodically inundated areas or along streams at elevations below 700m. These trees are native to Malaysia and Indonesia.