Scientific name: Dryobalanops aromatica
Family name: Dipterocarpaceae
Kapur trees in Taman Tugu
The Kapur tree is an indigenous rainforest tree that are amongst the 4,100 trees added to the Taman Tugu site, selected in collaboration with Forest Research Institute of Malaysia (“FRIM”) and Malaysian Nature Society (“MNS”).
The Kapur tree is a large tree with resinous wood and buttresses. It is able to grow up to about 45m. Its trunk’s girth size can reach up to 1.8m wide, and its bark surface fissured. The foliage of the Kapur tree is green broadly ovate leaves, coriaceous and alternate arrangement. The flowers produced are 5-petaled flowers borne on axillary and terminal panicle inflorescence, the petals are white and oblong with yellow anthers and 30 stamens shorter than the style.
The fruit is a winged nut, which consist of 5 wings up to 6 cm long.
The tree is sometimes used for medicinal purposes, its powdered kernel can be taken to treat colic and stomachache. The oil extract can be used to treat rheumatism, headaches, acne, swellings and conjunctivitis. The wood is used in the construction of boats, furniture, and flooring.
These tropical trees can be found in lowland rainforest. These trees are native to Peninsular Malaysia, Borneo, and Sumatra.