Kasai Daun Besar
Scientific name: Pometia pinnata
Family name: Sapindaceae
Kasai Daun Besar trees in Taman Tugu
The Kasai Daun Besar is an indigenous rainforest tree that are amongst the 4,100 trees added to the Taman Tugu site, selected in collaboration with Forest Research Institute of Malaysia (“FRIM”) and Malaysian Nature Society (“MNS”).
Kasai Daun Besar tree can grow up to 50m tall, with buttresses spreading up to 50m tall. It has alternate, stalked, compound leaves that go up to more than 1m long. The monoecious flowers produce male and female in the same individual, and are generally white to green-yellow and occur on branched flowering stalks. The fleshy red fruits have a stony core, are round shaped, and turn black when ripe.
The fruits of the tree are edible. The bark is used by Malays and Indonesians to treat sores and wound infections. The leaves and bark are used to make bathwater for fever. The wood is generally used in construction, to prodice furniture, flooring, and various items. The wood is also burnt as firewood and charcoal.
Kasai trees can be found in primary and secondary forests, up to 1700m altitude, and is common on riverbanks. These trees are native to South China and Sri Lanka, through Southeast Asia to the Pacific Islands.