Scientific name: Shorea pinanga
Family name: Dipterocarpaceae
Kawang Pinang trees in Taman Tugu
Kawang Pinang is an indigenous rainforest tree that are amongst the 4,100 trees added to the Taman Tugu site, selected in collaboration with Forest Research Institute of Malaysia (“FRIM”) and Malaysian Nature Society (“MNS”).
The Kawang Pinang tree has a loosely dome-shaped to oblong crown and can grow up to 45m tall. The straight, cylindrical bole can grow up to 130cm in diameter with stout buttresses up to 150cm. The leaves are elliptic to narrowly ovate, thinly coriaceous, with broadly cuneate to subcordate base. The flower bud is linear and subacute, whilst the calyx is glabrous or pubescent outside; lobes subequal, linear, subacute. The petals are deep pink, hardly contorted, long, linear-lanceolate, and sparsely pubescent on parts exposed in bud. The calyx of the fruit is glabrescent with 3 longer lobes, coriaceous, narrowly spatulate, narrowly obtuse, to broadly ovate saccate thickened base. The nut is broad, broadly ovoid, shortly evenly pale yellowish buff pubescent with style remnant to 2 mm long, slender, acute.
The Kawang Pinang tree is harvested from the wild as a source of wood and resin. The wood is a source of ‘Light Red Meranti’ timber. The wood works well with normal tools, though the tools need to be kept sharp because it has a tendency towards woolliness; it generally finishes fairly well, though filling is recommended; screwing and nailing are good; and gluing is correct. The wood is used for several purposes including interior and exterior panelling and joinery, light carpentry, boxes and crates, veneer, amongst others.
These upper canopy tree occur in undisturbed mixed dipterocarp forests at elevations up to 1,300m and is mostly found on ridges with leached clay to sandy clay soils. These trees are native to Malaysia, Brunei, Indonesia.