Scientific name: Diospyros pilosanthera
Family name: Ebenaceae
Kayu Arang trees in Taman Tugu
The Kayu Arang tree is an indigenous rainforest tree that are amongst the 4,100 trees added to the Taman Tugu site, selected in collaboration with Forest Research Institute of Malaysia (“FRIM”) and Malaysian Nature Society (“MNS”).
The tree is a mid-canopy tree growing up to 35m tall. The bark can grow up to 50cm in diameter. The leaves have paper to leather like texture, not bullate between veins, glabrous to velvety below, tending to dry black on upper or both sides. The fruits are round to ovoid fleshy berry.
The timber from the tree is used for furniture and the fruits are edible. A decoction of the bark is drunk to treat cough as well.
These trees are commonly found on undisturbed mixed dipterocarp forests from sea-level to elevations up to 1,600m. Mostly on hillsides, but also on alluvial places and ridges. In secondary forests these trees are usually present as a pre-disturbance remnant tree. These trees are native to Malaysia, Myanmar, Thailand, Cambodia, Vietnam, Indonesia, and the Philippines.