Scientific name: Sterculia megistophylla
Family name: Sterculiaceae
Kelumpang Sarawak trees in Taman Tugu
The Kelumpang Sarawak tree is an indigenous rainforest tree that are amongst the 4,100 trees added to the Taman Tugu site, selected in collaboration with Forest Research Institute of Malaysia (“FRIM”) and Malaysian Nature Society (“MNS”).
The tree can grow up to 20m tall, with stout, hairy twigs. The outer bark of the tree is smooth and orange brown in colour. Its leaves are elliptic, elliptic-oblong, obovate or oblong obovate in shape with papery to leathery texture, hairless on the upper surface of the leave except for the mid-rib which is hairy, the lower surface of the leaves are densely hairy. The leaves have long and pointed tips and the leaves have round base. The stalk of the leaves are covered with dense reddish hairs.
The tree produces clusters of tiny flowers that are densely hairy and brownish pink in colour. Its fruits are beaked with oblong follicles, brilliant red or dark orange in colour, densely velvety on the outside and hairless or slightly hairy inside, bearing dark green to brown ellipsoid seeds.
The tree is usually used for landscaping and growing on roadsides and in parks.
These trees grows in lowland to submontane primary forests, from sea level up to 1500m altitude. These tree are native to Malaysia and Indonesia.