Scientific name: Dipterocarpus cornutus
Family name: Dipterocarpaceae
Keruing Gombang trees in Taman Tugu
The Keruing Gombang tree is an indigenous rainforest tree amongst the 4,100 trees added to the Taman Tugu site, selected in collaboration with Forest Research Institute of Malaysia (“FRIM”) and Malaysian Nature Society (“MNS”). This is one of the species being added which is considered as ‘Critically Endangered’ on the International Union for Conservation of Nature (“IUCN”) Red List of Threatened Species. This species is being threatened due to deforestation.
The Keruing Gombang tree is a large-sized upper canopy tree that can grow up to 50m tall with 89cm wide trunk. The tree bark is light-pale and has a big alternate leaves. The leaves are broadly elliptic to oblong-ovate and they are thickly coriacius. Its flower is white-yellowish in color, placed on unbranched tree and it has compressed inflorescences. The fruit of the tree is green-red with two long wings on top of its nuts.
This tree is harvested from the wild as a source of wood. The wood is used for general construction work, carpentry, paneling, joinery, framework for boats, flooring, pallets, chemical processing equipment, veneer, and plywood.
These trees grow on well drained flat or undulating land or hills at elevations up to 1,000m and are native to Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, Sumatra, and Kalimantan.