Scientific name: Dipterocarpus kerrii
Family name: Dipterocarpaceae
Keruing Gondol trees in Taman Tugu
The Keruing Gondol tree is an indigenous rainforest tree amongst the 4,100 trees added to the Taman Tugu site, selected in collaboration with Forest Research Institute of Malaysia (“FRIM”) and Malaysian Nature Society (“MNS”). This is one of the species being added which is considered as ‘Critically Endangered’ on the International Union for Conservation of Nature (“IUCN”) Red List of Threatened Species as this species is being threatened due to deforestation.
The Keruing Gondol tree is a medium-sized to fairly large-sized tree that is up to 40m tall and it is branchless for up to 25m. Its trunk diameter is up to 150cm and its bark surface non-fissured, dark grey to yellowish-grey. The tree leaves broadly elliptical with base cuneate. Its fruit is a smooth calyx tube globose to subturbinate. It has 2 larger fruit calyx lobes and 3 shorter wings.
The tree is harvested from the wild as a source of wood timber and resin. The wood is used for general construction timber, it is used in carpentry, paneling, joinery, floors, timber frame houses, boxes and crates. The resin is used for caulking boat, making torches and wood coating. The resin is also used commercially for fixative in perfumes and cosmetic product.
These trees grow at the low hills in forests near the coast at altitudes up to 400m. These trees are native to Peninsular Malaysia, Indonesia, Myanmar, Thailand, and the Philippines.