Scientific name: Terminalia catappa
Family name: Combretaceae
Ketapang trees in Taman Tugu
The Ketapang trees found within the site are native to Taman Tugu. It is one of the least dominant tree species found within our forest.
The tree is a large tropical tree in the leadwood tree family; it grows to 35m tall and is shaped like a pagoda. The leaves of the Ketapang tree are reverse-egg-shaped, has spiral, stalked leaves that are papery to thinly leathery, dark green in colour on the top, yellowish green below, and will turn red before falling. The tree will shed its leaves twice a year. The flowers of this tree are fragrant, white to whitish green in colour and small in size measuring about 0.5cm across each. The fruit produced has a stony core that is green in colour when unripe, yellow or red when ripe; and has a flattened-egg-shape.
These trees are usually used as ornamental tree, grown for the deep shade its large leaves provide. It is suitable for planting along roadsides, in parks and gardens, coastal areas, beachfront or shoreline. The fruits are edible and have a flavor similar to almonds. The leaves are also used as a topical treatment for rheumatic joins in Indonesia and India.
These trees are widely found in tropical regions in the world from Asia to North Australia and Polynesia.