Scientific name: Vitex pinnata
Family name: Lamiaceae (Labiatae)
Leban trees in Taman Tugu
The Leban tree is one of the many trees found within the Taman Tugu site. This species is being threatened due to deforestation.
The Leban tree is a medium-sized tree that can grow up to 15m tall and 45cm in diameter. The tree bark is yellowish-grey or light-brown and its surface is smooth to flaky. The leaves are compound and elliptic shaped. The leaves have yellowish-green hair which become more obvious when dried. The tree produces flowers that are inflorescence which comprise of many small flowers. Each flower has 5 white to violet petals which are fragrant. The fruits are purplish black, round, shiny, and fleshy.
The wood is commonly used for charcoal production and local constructions. The trees are also used for landscaping in private and public parks.
These trees are common in comparatively dry region in lowland forest, where they can be found at elevations up to 1,000m. These trees are native to Malaysia, Indonesia, Thailand, Myanmar, Cambodia, and Sri Lanka.