Light Red Meranti
Scientific name: Shorea johorensis
Family name: Dipterocarpaceae
Light Red Meranti trees in Taman Tugu
The Light Red Meranti tree is an indigenous rainforest tree amongst the 4,100 trees added to the Taman Tugu site, selected in collaboration with Forest Research Institute of Malaysia (“FRIM”) and Malaysian Nature Society (“MNS”). This is one of the species being added which is considered as ‘Critically Endangered’ on the International Union for Conservation of Nature (“IUCN”) Red List of Threatened Species due to deforestation.
The tree is a large-sized tree that can grow up to 50m tall and 160cm in diameter and it has buttress up to 3m tall. The tree bark is brown with thin papery white scales. The leaves are simple and ovate shaped. The leaves have lateral veins, which are more prominent on the underside of the leaves. The tree produces flowers that are inflorescence comprising few small flowers. Each flower is pale yellow with 15 stamens. The fruit is woody with calyx lobes resembling wings. There are 3 long calyx lobes and 2 shorter calyx lobes. Its nut is ovoid with a short pointed tip.
The wood is used for several purposes including interior and exterior paneling and joinery, light carpentry, boxes and crates. The resin is used for caulking boats and baskets, as an adhesive, a medicine, as a fuel for torches and sometimes in foods.
These trees are commonly found in the wild on riversides with clay to sandy soils. These trees are native to Malaysia, Singapore, and Borneo.