Scientific name: Lithocarpus sundaicus
Family name: Fagaceae
Lithocarpus sundaicus trees in Taman Tugu
Lithocarpus sundaicus tree is an indigenous rainforest tree amongst the 4,100 trees added to the Taman Tugu site, selected in collaboration with Forest Research Institute of Malaysia (“FRIM”) and Malaysian Nature Society (“MNS”).
The tree is a medium-sized tree that can grow up to 35m tall and 90cm in diameter. The tree bark is greyish-brown with smooth to fissured surface. The leaves are simple and elliptic to oblong shaped. The leaves are penni-veined and glabrous and hairy below. The tree produces greenish-yellow flowers. The fruits produced are greenish in colour. Its nut has basal cupule.
The wood of this tree is used in medium to heavy construction such as bridges and sheds, interior finishing, fence posts, mining props and occasionally for furniture.
These trees are commonly found in the moist tropics, where they are usually found at elevations up to 1,500m. These tree are native to Malaysia, Indonesia, Thailand, and the Philippines.