Scientific name: Litchi chinensis
Family name: Sapindaceae
Lychee trees in Taman Tugu
The Lychee tree is an indigenous rainforest tree that are amongst the 4,100 trees added to the Taman Tugu site, selected in collaboration with Forest Research Institute of Malaysia (“FRIM”) and Malaysian Nature Society (“MNS”).
The Lychee is a small sized tree which can grow up to 10m tall under cultivation. The compound leaves have 2-4 pairs of leaflets. The leaflets are elliptic-oblong to lanceolate. The flowers are borne in branched clusters, each individual flowers are white and small. The fruits are round to heart-shaped. The ripe fruit has thin, rough skin, varying from green to red depending on the cultivar. The single seed is enclosed in the half-translucent pulp.
The peel and the seed are used as traditional medicine. The root, bark and flowers are used as a medicine to treat throat ailments. The seeds are used as an anodyne in neuralgic disorders and orchitis.
The Lychee tree has adapted to the tropics and warm subtropics environments, mostly in the East. These tropical trees are aboriginal in Guangdong and Fujian provinces of China, followed by Southeast Asia (Including Malaysia), India and South Africa.