Scientific name: Fagraea crenulata
Family name: Gentianaceae
Malabera trees in Taman Tugu
The Malabera tree is an indigenous rainforest tree amongst the 4,100 trees added to the Taman Tugu site, selected in collaboration with Forest Research Institute of Malaysia (“FRIM”) and Malaysian Nature Society (“MNS”).
The tree is a medium-sized tree that can grow up to 23m tall and 50cm in diameter. The tree bark is pale-gray to dark-grey with deeply fissured surface. The leaves are broadly ovate shaped and are thick and fleshy like cabbage, with toothed margin with a pair of ear-like appendages at the base of the leaves. The flowers are borne in a large pyramidal cluster which occur at the terminal ends. The flowers are pale yellow to cream in colour, funnel-shaped with non-protruding stamens and oblong anthers. The fruit produced is green, elliptical with many small polygonal shaped seeds within.
The fruits are often used as an adhesive while the wood is used in medium to heavy construction for houses, bridges and sheds, interior finishing, fence posts, mining props and occasionally for furniture.
These trees are found along rivers banks and swamp forest and are native to Malaysia, Indonesia, and Thailand.