Scientific name: Garcinia mangostana
Family name: Clusiaceae
Manggis trees in Taman Tugu:
The Manggis tree is one of the trees currently existing in Taman Tugu. It is one of the local fruit trees found wildly growing at Taman Tugu.
The Manggis tree grows from 6 to 25 m (19.7 to 82.0 ft) tall. The fruit (i.e. the mangosteen) is sweet and tangy, juicy, somewhat fibrous, with fluid-filled vesicles, with an inedible, deep reddish-purple colored rind (exocarp) when ripe. In each fruit, the fragrant edible flesh that surrounds each seed is botanically endocarp, i.e., the inner layer of the ovary. Seeds are almond-shaped and -sized.
The Manggis fruit has many culinary usages. They are available canned and frozen in Western countries. Without fumigation or irradiation (in order to kill the Asian fruit fly), fresh mangosteens were actually illegal to import into the United States until 2007. Freeze-dried and dehydrated mangosteen flesh can also be found.
In traditional medicine, various parts of the plant have a history of use mostly in Southeast Asia. It may have been used to treat skin infections, wounds, dysentery, urinary tract infections, and gastrointestinal complaints.
These trees grow in peatland. The tree is mostly known from cultivation, but is also probably wild on hillsides and ridges in undisturbed mixed dipterocarp forests at elevations up to 200m. The purple mangosteen (Garcinia mangostana), known simply as mangosteen or Manggis, is a tropical evergreen tree believed to have originated in the Sunda Islands of the Malay archipelago and the Moluccas of Indonesia. It grows mainly in Southeast Asia, southwest India and other tropical areas such as Puerto Rico and Florida, where the tree has been introduced.