Scientific name: Shorea platyclados
Family name: Dipterocarpaceae
Meranti Bukit trees in Taman Tugu
Meranti Bukit tree is an indigenous rainforest tree amongst the 4,100 trees added to the Taman Tugu site, selected in collaboration with Forest Research Institute of Malaysia (“FRIM”) and Malaysian Nature Society (“MNS”). This is one of the species being added which is considered as ‘Endangered’ on the International Union for Conservation of Nature (“IUCN”) Red List of Threatened Species. This species is being threatened due to deforestation.
Meranti Bukit is a large tree with a hemispherical crown which can grow up to 50m tall and 180cm in diameter with stout buttresses up to 4m high. The leave arrangements are alternate and stalked leaves have papery or thinly leathery leaf blades that are big oblong-egg-shaped to oval. The leaves turn dull greyish brown when dry. Each flowering shoot is up to 10cm long and bear up to 5 yellow flowers that are 2cm wide. Its green fruit consists of a narrowly ovoid nut that is about 2 cm long, with 3 longer wings and 2 shorter wings.
The wood is very durable. It is mainly used for constructions and furniture production.
These trees grow on well-drained clayey and sandy soil in forests, swamps, alluvial sites, hillsides and ridges up to 700m altitude. These trees are found in Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatera, and Borneo.