Meranti Sengkawang Merah
Scientific name: Shorea singkawang
Family name: Dipterocarpaceae
Meranti Sengkawang Merah trees in Taman Tugu
Meranti Sengkawang Merah tree is an indigenous rainforest tree amongst the 4,100 trees added to the Taman Tugu site, selected in collaboration with Forest Research Institute of Malaysia (“FRIM”) and Malaysian Nature Society (“MNS”). This is one of the species being added which is considered as ‘Vulnerable’ on the International Union for Conservation of Nature (“IUCN”) Red List of Threatened Species. This species is being threatened due to deforestation.
The tree is a small to medium-sized tree which can grow up to 30m tall and 95cm in diameter. The straight, cylindrical bole can be free of branches for 12-20m high and buttresses up to 3.5m high. The leaves are alternate and oblong-lanceolate shaped, measuring about 12-14cm long. The larger fruit calyx lobes go up to 8cm, only slightly longer than the nut.
The wood is a source of the timber ‘Dark Red Meranti’ which is mainly used for medium construction such as door, flooring, and windows. It is also used in furniture production.
These trees are usually found on undulating land or hills up to 500m above see level. These trees are found in Peninsular Malaysia, Indonesia, and Thailand.