Meranti Temak Nipis
Scientific name: Shorea roxburghii
Family name: Dipterocarpaceae
Meranti Temak Nipis trees in Taman Tugu
The Meranti Temak Nipis is an indigenous rainforest tree that are amongst the 4,100 trees added to the Taman Tugu site, selected in collaboration with Forest Research Institute of Malaysia (“FRIM”) and Malaysian Nature Society (“MNS”). These are one of the trees being added which are classified in ‘Endangered’ by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (“IUCN”) Red List of Threatened Species as these trees are heavily harvested for timber.
Meranti Temak Nipis tree ranges from a small to large evergreen tree, however, in when drought, it is a semi-evergreen tree. The largest Meranti Temak Nipis tree can be more than 30m high with small buttresses, while some may not have any buttresses. It has an irregular oblong foliar shape in open canopy. The tree trunk is deeply, narrowly, and irregularly fissured. Each stalked leaf is alternately arranged while the leaf blades are elliptically oblong and around 12cm long and 5cm wide. The trees produces white-petaled flowers which are borne on clusters, each flower is around 2.5cm across with a red-tinge in the centre. Its fruit are winged-nuts, and each fruit consists of narrowly ovate nut enclosed within three outer wings and there are narrow inner wings.
The timber of Meranti Temak Nipis tree is harvested from the wild for commercial source of timber known as ‘White Meranti’. Its edible flowers and bark are also used locally as masticatory.
The Meranti Temak Nipis trees are tropical plants that adapt to both dry soil and moist soil. These trees grow in lowland evergreen and deciduous forest. These trees are native to primary rainforest and monsoon forest in of northern Malaysia, Thailand, India to Indochina.