Scientific name: Shorea leprosula
Family name: Dipterocarpaceae
Meranti Tembaga trees in Taman Tugu
Meranti Tembaga is an indigenous rainforest tree amongst the 4,100 trees added to the Taman Tugu site, selected in collaboration with Forest Research Institute of Malaysia (“FRIM”) and Malaysian Nature Society (“MNS”). This is one of the species being added which is considered as ‘Near Threatened’ on the International Union for Conservation of Nature (“IUCN”) Red List of Threatened Species. This species is being threatened due to deforestation.
The tree is a large-sized tree can grow up to 60m tall and 100cm in diameter. The tree bark is greyish brown with shallowly fissured surfaced. The leaf arrangement is alternate and the stalked leaves have leathery leaf blades that are oblong or oval shaped. The flowering shoots of this tree are long and bear up to 12 pale yellow flowers. The fruits are green-yellow-ping nut with 3 long wings and 2 short wings.
The tree trunk contains dammar resin which is traditionally used in caulking boats and basket. The tree is the source of timber which is mainly used in furniture production and light construction such as door, windows, and flooring.
These trees grow on clayey to sandy soil, limestone, in forests, and on alluvial and dry sites of hillsides and ridges up to 600m altitude. These trees are native to Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand, Sumatera, and Borneo.