Merawan Mata Kucing Merah
Scientific name: Hopea ferruginea
Family name: Dipterocarpaceae
Merawan Mata Kucing Merah trees in Taman Tugu
Merawan Mata Kucing Merah is an indigenous rainforest tree amongst the 4,100 trees added to the Taman Tugu site, selected in collaboration with Forest Research Institute of Malaysia (“FRIM”) and Malaysian Nature Society (“MNS”). This is one of the species being added which is considered as ‘Critically Endangered’ on the International Union for Conservation of Nature (“IUCN”) Red List of Threatened Species. This species is being threatened due to deforestation.
It is a medium-sized tree can grow up to 41m tall and 59cm in diameter. The tree bark surface is flaky with stilt roots and buttresses. The leaves are simple and arranged in an alternate fashion with an ovate to lanceolate shaped measuring about 5-8cm long and 1-4cm wide. The tree produces yellow flowers about 4mm wide which are borne on short inflorescences. The fruits produced by the tree are about 7mm long with two wings about 30mm long.
The tree trunk contains resin which is used in caulking boat and basket. The tree is the source of timber which is mainly used in furniture productions.
These trees grow in dipterocarp forests, hillsides and ridges, from sea level up to 1500m. These trees are native to Peninsular Malaysia, Philippines, Sumatera, and Borneo.