Merawan Siput Jantan
Scientific name: Hopea odorata
Family name: Dipterocarpaceae
Merawan Siput Jantan trees in Taman Tugu
Merawan Siput Jantan is an indigenous rainforest tree that are amongst the 4,100 trees added to the Taman Tugu site, selected in collaboration with Forest Research Institute of Malaysia (“FRIM”) and Malaysian Nature Society (“MNS”).
Merawan is a medium sized to large evergreen tree which can reach up to 25-30 m. As the conical shaped crown tree, the girth of the tree can reach up to 4.5m. It has a straight trunk with short buttresses. The alternate leaves shape are oblong to ovate-lanceolate with entire leaf margin both glabrous surface. The fragrant yellowish-white flower of this tree are bisexual and located at the leaf axils or branch tips. The fruit of the tree is small, brown, winged nut fruit. The single-seeded nut is approximately egg-shaped with a pointed tip and may be covered in a shiny resin.
This species are usually used for medicinal purpose to treat a variety of ailments such as diarrhoea, gum inflammation and incontinence . It’s also being used to built boats or canoes because of its durability. It is locally known by other interesting names such as Chengal pasir, Chengal kampung, Chengal pulau, and Chengal mas. Beside being a popular shade tree, it is also used in reforestation programmes, and forest plantation. In the coastal area of central Terengganu, this tree was once planted as a multipurpose tree by the villager for boundary marker and shade tree for the building. Nowadays, the tree found its way as part of an urban landscape tree in Malaysia.
These tropical trees are riparian species which are commonly found along the streams or river. They grow naturally on the deep rich soils in lowland tropical forest and evergreen forest at altitudes up to 600m. These trees are native to Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia, Thailand, Indo-China, Bangladesh, and Andaman and Nicobar Islands.