Scientific name: Anisoptera scaphula
Family name: Dipterocarpaceae
Mersawa Gajah trees in Taman Tugu
Mersawa Gajah tree is an indigenous rainforest tree amongst the 4,100 trees added to the Taman Tugu site, selected in collaboration with Forest Research Institute of Malaysia (“FRIM”) and Malaysian Nature Society (“MNS”). This is one of the species being added which is considered as ‘Endangered’ on the International Union for Conservation of Nature (“IUCN”) Red List of Threatened Species. This species is being threatened due to deforestation.
It is a tall evergreen tree that grows up to 45m tall and 135cm in diameter. The tree trunk is fissured with buttresses and long cylindrical bole. The leaves are simple and arranged alternately. The tree produces winged nut fruits measuring about 1.6cm in diameter with calyx tube that is constricted at mouth of its nut.
The wood of the tree is used for construction and furniture production.
These trees can be found in the tropical forest of Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand, and Vietnam.