Scientific name: Parastemon urophyllus
Family name: Rosaceae
Nyalas trees in Taman Tugu
Nyalas tree is an indigenous rainforest tree amongst the 4,100 trees added to the Taman Tugu site, selected in collaboration with Forest Research Institute of Malaysia (“FRIM”) and Malaysian Nature Society (“MNS”). This is one of the species being added which is considered as ‘Endangered’ on the International Union for Conservation of Nature (“IUCN”) Red List of Threatened Species. This species is being threatened due to deforestation.
It is a big-sized tree which can grow up to 35m tall. The tree bark is smooth and brownish colored. The leaves are bright green with thinly leathery leaf blades that are narrowly oblong shaped. The tree produces small flowers which have 5 petals each. The fruits are ellipsoid, measuring about 1cm long and yellowish colored which turn pink when it is ripen.
The timber is a heavy hardwood used in construction and as firewood.
These trees grow in peat swamp forests, river banks, seashores, and secondary forests with poor soil. These trees are found in Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, Borneo, and Sumatera.