Scientific name: Fragraea auriculata
Family name: Gentianaceae
Pelir Musang trees in Taman Tugu
The Pelir Musang tree is an indigenous rainforest tree that are amongst the 4,100 trees added to the Taman Tugu site, selected in collaboration with Forest Research Institute of Malaysia (“FRIM”) and Malaysian Nature Society (“MNS”).
The Pelir Musang is an autotrophic, angiosperm epiphyte, climbing shrub, or treelet that can grow up to 20m tall. The plant has woody shrub form that is between 1–5m wide, and has a perennial lifespan.
Its foliage consist of opposite, stalked leaves have leathery leaf blades that are reverse lance-shaped or egg-shaped, and 9–60 by 4–25cm, with two auricles at base of the leaf stalk.
Its flowers are large, tubular, fragrant flowers develop singly, or in small clusters, maturing from white to cream to yellow, and may grow up to 30 by 30cm.
Its fruits are oblong-ellipsoid to ovoid, greyish-white when ripe, and 6–15 cm long. Its tiny seeds are embedded in the fleshy fruit pulp.
The bark of the Pelir Musang can be used to treat ulcers. The sticky substance under fruit epidermis is used as glue in Sumatra. It also is suitable for streetscapes, parks and gardens for its attractive, large flowers, thick leaves, and tolerance to hot and dry conditions.
The tree grows coastal forests, on cliffs and rocks. These trees are native to Peninsular Malaysia, Borneo, Singapore, Thailand, South Myanmar, Cambodia, Sumatra, Java, Bali, Moluccas, the Philippines, and through the rest of Southeast Asia to New Guinea.