Pendarah, Cabbage Leaf Nutmeg
Scientific name: Horsfieldia superba
Family name: Myristicaceae
Pendarah trees in Taman Tugu
The Pendarah is an indigenous rainforest tree that are amongst the 4,100 trees added to the Taman Tugu site, selected in collaboration with Forest Research Institute of Malaysia (“FRIM”) and Malaysian Nature Society (“MNS”). It was one of the trees added to attract fauna to the site – the fruits are eaten by hornbills.
The Pendarah tree is an autotrophic, angiosperm that grows to a maximum height of 30m. The plant shape is irregular and has a perennial lifespan.Its foliage consist of alternate, massively-stalked leaves have leathery leaf blades that are elliptic to oblong, and 17-60cm by 9-28cm.
It is a dioecious plant, with each individual tree bearing either female or male flowers. Its flower clusters are up to 15cm long, bearing small yellow flowers. Its capsular fruits are elliptic, up to 5.5cm long, with a fleshy aril covering the seed.
The Pendarah is suitable for landscaping parks and streetscapes for its attractive leaves and form, which are desirable plant features for ornamental foliages.
The Pendarah trees prefer the tropical climate and grow well in lowland forests as well as swamp forests, up to 400m altitude on moist soils, waterlogged soils, well-drained soils or fertile loamy soils. These trees are native to Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, and Sumatra.