Scientific name: Pentaspadon motley
Family name: Anacardiaceae
Pleajau trees in Taman Tugu
Pleajau tree is an indigenous rainforest tree amongst the 4,100 trees added to the Taman Tugu site, selected in collaboration with Forest Research Institute of Malaysia (“FRIM”) and Malaysian Nature Society (“MNS”).
It is a large-sized emergent tree that grows up to 51m tall and 70cm in diameter with buttresses that are up to 5m high. The leaves are alternate, compound, penni-veined and usually with domatia. The tree produces cream flowers that are about 4mm in diameter which are placed in panicles. The fruits are about 40mm long with fleshy drupe.
The tree is harvested from the wild mainly for local use as a food, medicine, and source of wood. The resin obtained from the stems is a counter-irritant, used to calm itchiness of the skin and the oil obtained from the plant is used for curing certain skin diseases. The woods are used in furniture production and construction.
These trees are found in lowland forest on the riverbanks, swamp forest, or in secondary forest at elevations up to 75m and are native to Malaysia and Indonesia.