Scientific name: Nephelium maingayi
Family name: Sapindaceae
Rambutan trees in Taman Tugu
The Rambutan tree is an indigenous rainforest tree amongst the 4,100 trees added to the Taman Tugu site, selected in collaboration with Forest Research Institute of Malaysia (“FRIM”) and Malaysian Nature Society (“MNS”).
The Rambutan tree is a large-sized evergreen tree that grows up to 40m tall. The tree trunk sometimes has buttresses up to 140cm long. The leaves are compound, spirally arranged and have 1 to 5 leaflets. Each leaflet is about 6cm–22cm long and 3cm–9cm wide. The flowers are inflorescence which occurs at the leaf axils. The fruits are reddish-brown, ellipsoid to subglobular, measuring about 2cm long and 1.5 cm wide, with a short stipe and hook-like remnant stipe above it.
The fruits are edible and the quality wood is used for many purposes.
These trees grow in swamp forests and along river banks of lowland forests. These trees are native to Malaysia, Singapore, Sumatera, and Borneo.