Scientific name: Shorea smithiana
Family name: Dipterocarpaceae
Seraya Timbau trees in Taman Tugu
The Seraya Timbau tree is an indigenous rainforest tree amongst the 4,100 trees added to the Taman Tugu site, selected in collaboration with Forest Research Institute of Malaysia (“FRIM”) and Malaysian Nature Society (“MNS”). This is one of the species being added which is considered as ‘Critically Endangered’ on the International Union for Conservation of Nature (“IUCN”) Red List of Threatened Species. This species is being threatened due to deforestation.
It is a large-sized tree that can grow up to 66m tall and 164cm in diameter. The tree has a large buttresses that are up to 5m tall. The leaves are simple, alternately arranged and penni-veined with scales on petiole and lower surface. The flowers are 26mm in diameter that are reddish and placed in panicles. The fruits are 21mm long, green colored with 3 long wings.
The timber is used in construction and furniture production.
These trees grow in undisturbed mixed dipterocarp forest up to 400m altitude. These trees can be found in Malaysia, Indonesia, Brunei, and Borneo.