Scientific name: Hydnocarpus castanea
Family name: Flacourtiaceae
Setumpol trees in Taman Tugu
Setumpol tree is an indigenous rainforest tree amongst the 4,100 trees being added to the Taman Tugu site, selected in collaboration with Forest Research Institute of Malaysia (“FRIM”) and Malaysian Nature Society (“MNS”).
It is a medium to large-sized tree that is able grow up to about 30m tall and 60cm in diameter in its natural habitat. The tree bark is smooth and greyish-white. The leaves are elliptic to oblong shaped, stiffly coriaceous and measuring about 17cm- 30cm long and 6cm-8cm wide. The tree produces white flowers which are fragrant while the flowers are borne on an axillary inflorescence. The flowers petals linear-oblong, about 8mm-11 mm long and sepals obovate. The fruits are brown and globose in shape, texture tomentose, contains large angular seeds.
The oil from the seeds is used for the treatment of a range of skin problems including leprosy, wounds, and eczema. A decoction of the bark is used in the treatment of internal disorders and also to treat skin diseases.
These trees grow in moist soils and well-drained soils and are native to Malaysia, Thailand, and Sumatera.