Scientific name: Peronema canescens
Family name: Verbenaceae
Sungkai trees in Taman Tugu
The Sungkai tree is an indigenous rainforest tree amongst the 4,100 trees added to the Taman Tugu site, selected in collaboration with Forest Research Institute of Malaysia (“FRIM”) and Malaysian Nature Society (“MNS”).
The Sungkai tree is a large-sized upper canopy tree that can grow up to 40m tall and 102cm in diameter. The leaves are oppositely arranged, compound with winged rachis, glabrous and are whitish below. The flowers are white-purplish coloured, measuring about 2mm in diameter and placed in large panicles. The fruits are greenish-yellow measuring about 4mm in diameter with a dehiscent capsule.
The Sungkai tree is often used in reforestation programs. The wood is used for house building and furniture. The leaves are used to treat fever and treat ringworms. The leaves are also used to make mouthwash against toothache.
These trees grow in secondary regrowth and disturbed sites in mixed dipterocarp forests up to 500m altitude. These trees are native to Malaysia, Sumatera, and Borneo.