Scientific name: Baccaurea griffithii
Family name: Euphorbiaceae
Tampoi trees in Taman Tugu
The Tampoi tree is an indigenous rainforest species found amongst the 4,100 trees added to the Taman Tugu site, selected in collaboration with the Forest Research Institute of Malaysia (“FRIM”) and Malaysian Nature Society (“MNS”).
The Tampoi tree is a perennial plant that grows vertically up to 60m in its natural habitat. It has a trunk that grows vertically with many branches and its bark is slightly gray-brown. The base of the tree has a strong buttress root which is common for a tree that thrive in rainforest soils. The leaves are oval-shaped (round oval), green and somewhat thick about 8-17cm long and 4-8cm wide. It has a fairly long leaf stalk about 10-15cm with the opposite leaf arrangement. The golden-yellow spherical fruit ranges in diameter from 25-60mm, and is borne in small clusters of 3-5 fruits.
The tampoi fruit is the same as the rambai fruit which has a fruit structure and the taste almost the same but is bigger and there is a slight tart taste to it. The hardwood stems can be used as firewood and the large trunks can be processed into furniture.
These tropical trees grow in primary rainforest, riverine rainforest and swamp forest, rarely in secondary forest at elevations from sea level up to 1,600m. These substorey fruit trees are native to Malaysia, Borneo, and Sumatra.