Scientific name: Peltophorum pterocarpum
Family name: Fabaceae (Leguminosae)
Yellow Flame trees in Taman Tugu
The Yellow Flame Tree is one of the many trees found existing within the Taman Tugu site. It is believed to have been planted by the British as ornamental plants due to the yellow flushes from the flowers.
The Yellow Flame is a medium sized tree 16m-30m height and minimum 15m-25m height. It takes the shape of umbrella with maximum plant spread 9m-12m for crown width. The leaves of the Yellow Flame are bipinnate, 30cm-60cm long with 16-20 pinnae. 20-40 oval leaflets per each pinna, and each 0.8-2.5cm long and 0.4-1.0cm long. Its flowers have orange stamens and crinkled petals with a reddish brown mark in the center of each flower. It would be fragrant particularly at night. These flowers clusters would develop into seedpods of about 5-10cm long, and 2.5cm broad. Normally they come out after the fourth year of the tree’s age. The Yellow flame seedpods are flat, thin and winged. They are red in the early stages, but will gradually turn black as it ripens.
Medicinally, this tree has medicinal values such as a relieve for pains and sores and also used for tooth powder and eye lotions. The wood is used for carpentry of light construction purposes, such as cabinet making, sawn or hewn timbers, woodware and woodcarving. The flowers are used as cut flowers. The tree is suitable for planting along streets, in parks or gardens due to the ornamental flowers that it has, and they make very good shades due to the umbrella shaped crown. This tree is used for fodder. The bark can also be used as dyes as it contains tannins, giving a light yellow colour to leather. Tannin is also present in leaves and wood. In Java, the dye is used for batik work.
These tropical, sub-tropical/ monsoonal trees grow in coastal forest, mangrove forest, and sandy beach. These trees are native to locations from India and Sri Lanka, through Southeast Asia (including Malaysia) to Northern Australia.