Dark Red Meranti
Nama saintifik: Shorea acuminata
Nama keluarga: Dipterocarpacea
Dark Red Meranti trees in Taman Tugu
The Dark Red Meranti tree is an indigenous rainforest tree that are amongst the 4,100 trees added to the Taman Tugu site, selected in collaboration with Forest Research Institute of Malaysia (“FRIM”) and Malaysian Nature Society (“MNS”). This is one of the species being added which is considered as ‘Critically Endangered’ on the International Union for Conservation of Nature (“IUCN”) Red List of Threatened Species as this species is heavily logged for its ‘Dark Red Meranti’ timber.
The Dark Red Meranti tree is a large tree growing up to 50m. The bole is buttressed and is branchless for 18-31m and can grow up to 180cm in diameter. The buttresses are prominent up to 1.5m high. The leaves is ovate-falcate with 7-11 pairs of arched secondary veins, shiny beneath, stipules. The petals of the flowers produced are dark wine red, stamens 15, with subglobose anthers, ovary without a stylopodium. The fruits produced are large with calyx lobes.
The timber produced is the Dark Red Meranti. The wood is not durable when exposed to rain and sunlight. The wood is easy to saw, plane, turn, bore, and peel. The timber is popularly used as general utility timber. It is suitable for furniture, high class interior finishing, flooring, paneling and partitioning, moulding and skirting, fancy doors, sliced and rotary cut veneers. The heavy wood is used for house building, bridges and boards.
These tropical trees grow in mixed Dipterocarp forest, on undulating land and hills at elevations up to 400m. These trees are native to Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, the Riau and Lingga Archipelago.