Nama saintifik: Shorea macrophylla
Nama keluarga: Dipterocarpacea
Engkabang trees in Taman Tugu
The Engkabang tree is an indigenous rainforest tree that are amongst the 4,100 trees added to the Taman Tugu site, selected in collaboration with Forest Research Institute of Malaysia (“FRIM”) and Malaysian Nature Society (“MNS”).
The Engkabang tree is a medium sized to large tree with a dense, oblong to hemispherical crown that can grow up to 45m. The bole is often mis-shaped and can have branches from relatively low downwards and can be up to 150cm in diameter with strong butresses up to 2m high. The wood is one of the lightest in the ‘Red Meranti’ group and one of four known species of Red Meranti that bear illipe nuts where the edible fat is obtained from.
The fat obtained from the illipe nut is edible and is similar to cacao butter. It can be used to treat skin problems. It is also used in soap , candles, and cosmetics making. The tree also provides high quality timber and is use for interior and exterior paneling and joinery.
These tropical trees grow in lowland areas, in moist tropics and can be found at elevation up to 600m, and can grow on clay-rich periodically flooded alluvium and river banks. These trees are native to Malaysia, Indonesia and Borneo.