Scientific name: Scorodacarpus borneensis
Family name: Olacaceae
Kulim trees in Taman Tugu
The Kulim tree is an indigenous rainforest tree amongst the 4,100 trees added to the Taman Tugu site, selected in collaboration with Forest Research Institute of Malaysia (“FRIM”) and Malaysian Nature Society (“MNS”).
The Kulim tree is a medium to large-sized tree that can grow up to 40m tall and 60cm in diameter. The leaves have a simple arrangement, penni-vein and broadly elliptic. The flowers are borne in short raceme in leaf axils and are small, pinkish-white in colour. The fruits are ovoid to pear-shaped.
The tree is harvested from the wild and used locally as a source of food, medicine, and timber. The whole tree, including the bark, leaves, branches, and fruits have a garlic-like smell. The leaves can be eaten as vegetable and the nuts can be cooked and used to flavour food. The fruits are used as an antidote for poisoning. The wood is used in medium to heavy construction such as bridge buildings, beams, joins, and door.
These trees are found on slopes and hillsides in primary and secondary forests. These trees are native to Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia, and Thailand.