Scientific name: Shorea lamellata
Family name: Dipterocarpaceae
Meranti Lapis trees in Taman Tugu
Meranti Lapis tree is an indigenous rainforest tree amongst the 4,100 trees added to the Taman Tugu site, selected in collaboration with Forest Research Institute of Malaysia (“FRIM”) and Malaysian Nature Society (“MNS”). This is one of the species being added which is considered as ‘Critically Endangered’ on the International Union for Conservation of Nature (“IUCN”) Red List of Threatened Species. This species is being threatened due to deforestation.
Meranti Lapis is a large tree with hemispherical crown that can grow up to 52m tall and 175cm in diameter. The tree has buttresses that are up to 3m high. The leaf is medium-sized with elliptic-oblong to ovate shaped. Flower buds are ellipsoid with white petals. The fruit base is obtuse with 3 longer calyx lobes.
The tree trunk contains dammar resin which is traditionally used in caulking boats and basket. The tree is the source of ‘white Meranti’ timber which is mainly used in furniture productions and light constructions such as doors, windows, and flooring.
These trees grow in undisturbed dipterocarp forests at elevation up to about 500m. These tropical trees are found in Peninsular Malaysia and Sumatera.